Come When Called: Training a Reliable Recall for Dogs

Training a Reliable Recall for Dogs

Teaching your dog to come when called is one of the most important obedience skills you can train. A reliable recall allows you to call your dog back to you in any situation for their safety and the safety of others.

Unlike basic obedience commands like sit or stay, recall requires ongoing reinforcement to ensure your dog listens, even with distractions present.

In this carticle, we are going to share proven techniques to train a solid recall you can rely on for your beloved dog.

Why Recall is Crucial to Train

A recall summons your dog to return directly to you every time you call, no matter the circumstances. This skill provides many benefits:

  • Safety: You can call your dog away from dangers like traffic, fights with other dogs, or eating something harmful. A reliable recall can save your dog’s life.
  • Control: When you need your dog close by your side, recall brings them back to you. This allows you greater control over your dog in public spaces.
  • Freedom: Once your dog has a strong recall, you can let them off-leash in appropriate areas for exploring and exercise. A good recall gives you peace of mind while letting your dog roam freely.

Without a reliable recall, you limit your dog’s freedom. You may have to keep them constantly leashed or avoid off-leash areas altogether. A solid recall brings confidence that your dog will listen, giving them more liberty to play.

How to Train Recall from Scratch

Training a foolproof recall takes patience and consistency. Follow these steps to teach your dog to come when called:

Use a Strong Recall Cue

Choose a short, unique word or phrase as your recall cue. “Come!” is commonly used. Whistle recalls are also effective.

The key is picking something you’ll easily remember and can say with urgency. Only use your recall cue for calling your dog back to you. Don’t say it for other commands to avoid confusion.

Start Training in a Low Distraction Setting

Introduce the recall in an enclosed, low distraction space where your dog is unlikely to ignore you. This sets them up for success in learning the new skill. Keep them on a long leash at first so you can gently reel them back if needed.

Say Your Cue and Reward Coming to You

Say your recall word or blow the whistle, then immediately praise and treat your dog when they come. Keep the training positive, never punishing them for responding. Use high-value rewards like small pieces of chicken to motivate your dog to listen.

Increase Distance Over Time

Gradually increase the distance from which you recall your dog, continuing to reward when they return to you. Start close, like 5 feet away, then back up across the room, then toward the maximum length of the leash until your dog is reliably recalling from 15+ feet away.

Randomize the Cue

Once your dog understands the recall command, say your cue randomly throughout play or rest periods, not just when they’re already focused on you. Reward heavily when they come each time to reinforce that they should listen at any moment.

Test in Mild Distractions

When your dog reliably responds to the recall when nothing else is going on, add mild distractions. Have a family member walk across the room when you issue the cue, or call your dog when they’re focused on a toy. Reward promptly when they still come to you despite the distractions.

Correct Selectively

If your dog ignores the recall cue, avoid repeating it over and over. This teaches them they can disregard it. Instead, gently guide them back to you with the leash, then praise and reward. Only recall once in each training session to set your dog up to succeed.

Use Intermittent Reinforcement

Once your dog understands the recall, you don’t have to reward every successful response. Reward intermittently, like 3 out of every 5 recalls. The “gamble” of not knowing if they’ll get a reward builds motivation to listen every time. Just avoid making rewards too unpredictable.

Proof Reliably Before Going Off-Leash

Keep your dog on a long line for several weeks after they’ve mastered recall in low distraction environments. Test reliability in higher distraction areas like outdoor parks on the long line before ever letting them off-leash. The more proofing you do, the better their recall will be when it counts.

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Golden retriever dog walking outdoor

Troubleshooting Common Recall Training Problems

Training a reliable recall takes patience. Expect setbacks and imperfect responses, especially at first. Here are some common issues owners face when teaching recall:

My dog only comes when he feels like it

He may be blowing off the cue if there are more exciting things to do. Make yourself the most exciting thing by amping up rewards when he does listen. Run away calling his name to trigger chase instinct. Only reward the fastest recalls.

My dog comes most of the way, then stops

She’s learned she doesn’t need to fully return to earn the reward. Only reward your dog once she’s completely back to you. Ignore partial recalls even if she’s almost there. Be patient and she’ll learn to come all the way.

My dog comes when called at home but not at the park

He needs more proofing in higher distraction environments. Keep him on a long line at first in exciting areas like the park so you can reinforce recalls. Avoid letting him practice ignoring you off-leash until his response is solid.

My dog comes but zooms right past me

She’s viewing the recall like a fun game of chase rather than an obedience command. Work on recall at slower speeds first. When running, teach an automatic sit when she gets to you before rewarding to improve impulse control.

The key is not progressing too quickly with the training. If your dog fails to listen, go back to an easier step for more success before trying again with distractions.

How to Maintain a Reliable Recall

Once your dog is reliably coming when called in many environments, you still need to practice to keep the skill strong. Follow these tips:

  • Give refresher training every few days in new locations.
  • Use strong rewards like real meat and enthusiastic praise.
  • Train the recall around livestock, agility equipment, and other dogs to proof against tempting distractions.
  • Periodically call your dog to you randomly throughout the day and reward.
  • Avoid flooding your dog off-leash before their recall is solid.
  • Teach a whistle recall for reliability at a distance.
  • If your dog ever fails to listen, don’t repeated the cue. Guide them back with the leash to avoid teaching them to ignore you.

A solid recall is built through a lifetime of reinforcement. Be patient, reward generously, and proof rigorously for the best results.

girl with dog walking in happy mood

Real-World Recall Training Exercises

Once you’ve trained a reliable recall in low distraction environments, proof your dog’s skills in more challenging real-world settings.

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On Walks

During regular walks, periodically call your dog back to you, have them sit, reward, then release to continue the walk. Vary the frequency and timing to keep them guessing.

At the Park

Let your dog off-leash in a fenced area and practice recalling away from play with other dogs and tempting smells. Always reward promptly when they listen.

Around Loud Noises

Have a helper make loud noises like clapping while you work on recall. Reward your dog for listening despite the scary sound. Gradually increase noise levels.

In Woods/Trails

Hike on a long line, then recall your dog away from wildlife, streams, bikers, and other attractions. Use hot dogs or chicken as high-value rewards for listening despite distractions.

With Other Dogs Nearby

With a friend’s dog on leash nearby, work on recalling your dog. Start at a distance where your dog can focus, then gradually decrease separation between the dogs. If your dog blows off the recall, you’re too close to the other dog. Increase distance and try again.

At the Beach

Practice recall on a long line with tempting smells and running water. Reward your dog for returning to you instead of following their nose or chasing birds in the waves.

The more “real life” practice sessions you can incorporate that challenge your dog, the better their recall will become. Always end on a positive note with rewards for coming when called.

 

Off-Leash Recall Best Practices

Once your dog reliably responds to your recall cue on a long line, you can start letting them off-leash in appropriate areas. Follow these rules to ensure success:

  • Only let your dog off-leash in designated off-leash areas. Avoid unlawful off-leash time in on-leash parks or trails.
  • Ensure your dog has excellent obedience skills like sit, stay, leave it, and drop it trained. These complementary cues support your recall.
  • Carry high-value rewards on every off-leash walk to reinforce listening. Hot dogs, boiled chicken, steak, and cheese make great motivators.
  • Practice your recall cue frequently during off-leash time, rewarding every successful response.
  • Avoid shouting your recall cue repeatedly if your dog ignores you. Guide them back with the leash.
  • If other dogs are present, recall your dog BEFORE they get overly engaged with the other dog. Call them back to you periodically to check in.
  • Recognize when your dog is over-stimulated and unlikely to listen. Reattach their leash until they calm down before letting them off-leash again.
  • Use a long line if your dog’s recall reliability is uncertain. It’s better to be safe than risk them running off or not listening.

Follow these best practices, and your dog can enjoy safe, controlled off-leash freedom in permitted areas as their recall skills improve.

Conclusion:

A solid recall is essential for any dog, but it requires considerable time and consistency to train well. Start in low distraction environments, use high-value rewards, and gradually increase challenges as your dog’s skills strengthen. Maintain the behavior through ongoing reinforcement. Avoid letting your dog practice ignoring your recall cue off-leash until their response is highly reliable.

While a perfect recall in any situation takes dedication, the investment is well worth it. A dog who reliably comes when called can enjoy more freedom and remain safe. Put in the work to train this potentially lifesaving skill. Learn here more about pets and animal training tips and guides.